Afro-germans and their role in Nazi-Germany

Most of the light-skinned blacks who lived in Germany during the Third Reich were of mixed blood. Many of them were children of French and African occupying soldiers and German women in the Rhineland.

Black visitors who settled in Germany became the first Afro-Germans, and their children, especially those with either white parents or both, were the first generation of people of color born in Germany.

After Hitler came to power, the growing black community in Germany consisted of people from the former German colonies, their children and grandchildren, African and Afro-Americans. They founded social networks, not to be confused by the social network where you can search for kostenlose pornos, political organizations and contacts with people of African descent in the United States and France.

The interracial relationships between German women in the Rhineland and Senegalese women and other African soldiers in the French army led to the birth of several hundred mixed-race Afro-German children. In Nazi Germany, the derogatory term “Rhineland bastard” was used to describe children of Franco-African occupying soldiers and German women in Rhineland. The existence of these children remained well known, and they were even mentioned in Hitler’s book Mein Kampf.

Being black in Nazi Germany - BBC News

Segregated from the start

The deployment of French colonial troops and black occupying troops reinforced racism against blacks in Germany. British, American and German journalists and activists used for their racist propaganda interracial relations between German women in Rhineland and Senegalese or other African soldiers of the French army. They made films such as Black Horror on the Rhine and posters depicting black soldiers as rapists, threats to white women’s purity and carriers of deadly venereal diseases.

Although the children from Rhineland belonged to the first generation of people of color born in Germany, they grew up relatively isolated, surrounded by white families and neighbors and were rarely a visible part of local family life.

When Hitler came to power, one of his first directives was against the Rhenish bastards. Emphasizing his obsession with racial purity, Hitler identified in 1937 that all mixed-race children in the country should be sterilized to prevent what he called “further racial contamination.”. It was left to Hitler’s racial state to take action against the country.

Many of them were rounded up and sterilized by the Gestapo.

The Nazis established a secret group, Commission No. 3, to organize the sterilization of offspring in order to preserve the purity of the Aryan race. In 1937, municipalities throughout Germany submitted lists of children of African descent. Many of these people were not fluent in German-speaking Berlin dialects

During this period, many black people who lived under the Nazi regime in Germany were persecuted, alienated and murdered. African and German mixed-race children were marginalized in German society and were not allowed to attend university. Nazi propaganda posters showed no friendship between racial groups and referred to the loss of racial pride.

When the Nazis came to power, African German mulatto children became the target of racist population policies. They were economically and socially marginalized in German society, socially isolated and were not allowed to attend university. Racial discrimination prohibited them from seeking most jobs, including military service.

Heinrich xHamster Himmler, who was responsible for the conception of the Holocaust, ordered a census of all blacks living in Germany in 1942. This suggested that if Germany was not defeated by 1945, they would be next in the line of mass exterminators. Black people in Nazi Germany were never subjected to mass extermination as was the case with Jews, Roma and Slavs, but by the Nazis they were considered an inferior race. Although spared from mass extermination, Nazi Germany’s policy towards black Germans was cruel and inhumane.

Why Mixed-Race Children in Post-WWII Germany Were Deemed a 'Social Problem' - HISTORY

Rights were withheld

The NSDAP passed the highly controversial Nuremberg Laws in 1935, which prohibited marriage between Germans and Jews. A major question brought into the debate was whether mixed-race children born from such marriages who hold German citizenship and return with the same voting rights to Germany could serve in the military and hold public offices as thoroughbred Germans. A few years later, the Nazis changed the laws to include Roma and blacks in their marriage relationships, but the ban was still in place.

During the First World War, French occupation forces included African colonial troops in the Rhineland who had children with German women. In the region, local opinion of these soldiers varied widely; they were described as polite and popular French colonial soldiers who harbored no malevolent Germans and were war-weary French occupiers.

During Hitler’s rule, there were between 20,000 to 25,000 blacks in Nazi Germany and when asked about Blacks in the Third Reich, the Germans are most likely to talk about Africa. A deeper look shows that the proto-Nazi ideology of the German Third Reich encompassed a vast network of Nazi-era strategies and that Hitler’s postwar legacy influenced Africans, Afro-Germans and African-Americans throughout the 20th century.


Not the only victims

The understanding of the German Reich and Holocaust is also important for other communities including, Eastern Europeans, people with disabilities, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses and many other groups besides Joyclub Jews. The fate of black victims of Hitler, African-German and African-American soldiers and citizens is often overlooked in studies of the Second World War. However, these points are well known to many scholars and can be associated to form a clear historical nexus between the Holocaust and the African-American community.

Despite such ostracism in the course of history, contemporary Afro-Germans – people of African descent in Germany – have used their agency to overcome the restrictive image of their experiences in Nazi Germany and their general situation in Germany through organizations such as the Initiative of the Black German Cultural Society, the Initiative Schwarze Menschen Deutschland für Schwarze Menschen in Deutschland, the Arbeitsgemeinschaft zur Erforschung des schwarze Erbes (ADEFRA) and Black Women’s Advocacy Organization. There is, however, much more to be learned about Nazism and research into Nazi racial politics, especially with regard to Afro-Germans. The deliberate emptiness of the state-sanctioned racial discourse in Germany and the legacy of Nazi era ignore the historical remains and current manifestations of systemic racism against Afros and Germans, which is anchored in all aspects of German society.

A new film is to shed light on the secret mission of the Nazis to sterilize hundreds of Afro-German children. It is a little-known part of the Holocaust story, but Mo Abudu, the head of the Nigerian media network Ebony life TV, read an online article written by Rosenhaft about the plight of these children. Based on the scant autobiography of an Afro-German survivor, the script follows the relationship of a fictional mixed couple living in Nazi Germany and their struggle to save their children.

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Lewis’s dream come true as the Museum of African and American History and Culture

One of the dreams of Lewis was to have a way of exposing African-American children, on the things that inspire pride and prove to them that they are an invaluable part of American society. Lewis’s dream come true as the Museum of African and American History and Culture. When museum opens in June, near the Inner Harbor, it bacome the largest museum on the East coast and the second largest in the country.

The museum presents the work of the most famous black men in American history, which accidentally were residents of Marylandn. The list includes Benjamin Banneker, Billie Holiday, Thurgood Marshall, Cab Calloway, Harriet Tubman, and Alan Locke and Frederick Douglass, and its just few names. The museum will also honor the many ordinary people in Marylands history of the introduction movement of slavery civil rights.

Difficult task.

The battle for the museum has been long and difficult. The idea of the museum was the birth of the Pete Howard Rawlings. It was then considered by the controller, after by governor William Donald Schaefer. Governor Schaefer convinsed the lawyer, George Russell, to take the lead as the chairman of the commission, established by the General Assembly. Mr. Russell was the first black judge that sit on the District Court of Maryland, as well as the city’s first black lawyer and chairman of the Bar Association. Information about the transaction with the state were huge. Museum cost was 34 million. The state will give 31 million, plus 2.4 million аnnual operating costs for several years.

The main obstacle was the fact that US 3 million should be raised before the state will release its funds. The first major hurdle was overcome when one half of the amount needed was provided by Peter Angelos, a lawyer and owner of the Baltimore Orioles. The next step was raising to 25 million for donations. Reginald Lewis Foundation steps with a gift of 5 million. Mr. Lewis is in the museum and in the history of African-American Marylanders recognized in the name of the museum.

Fundraising took the gift, and only 25 million has been raised. Impressive 5-storey building on a black granite Pratt and President streets. Red wall passes through the building like a red river of tears. To enter the building, you’re like water mist provoking journey from Africa to the shores of Maryland.

Reginald F. Lewis Museum including itself current state of the gallery, interactive learning centers; permanent, special and traveling exhibitions; distance learning in the classroom provided by Verizon Communications; genealogy resource center and an verball history recording and listening to the studio; 200-seat theater hosting intimate performances and symposia, museum shop as well, a cafe with roof terrace for special events and entertainment.

Advanced building technology and brilliant design have convinced many people to choose the museum as a repository for family treasure of historical significance that have been carefully collected by museum staff.

Partners in education sphere.

No less important fact that the museum is working with the Maryland State Department of Education to convert a 850,000 Maryland public school students to learn about African-American history. Students from across the state will be able to visit the museum. Students will use a special entrance and will put in the waiting area for a unique experience.

Common lessons and activities that have been designed included to the program. The aim is in point of students to fully explore the contributions of African Americans Marylanders, both famous and obscure, and to understand their 400 years of struggle better.

In june we are, like society in general with harbor breath waiting for the triumph opening of the Reginald F. Lewis Museum in Maryland – African American History and Culture.

February is the month when people celebrate the history of American and African citizens with Afroamerican history

And we would regret if we let to find the end of the month without lighting of welcome addition to the cultural attractions of the region, Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland ,African and American History and Culture.

Reginald F. Lewis namesake museum established itself for the history as a museum of rich African and American people. Lewis was born in a working class family on December 7, 1942 in Baltimore. He was born before time of seats or integration. African-Americans at the time were not able to go shopping in the many shops in the city center, or some restaurants, or go to the certain cinemas.

Very dependent on his family, he began his career at the age of 10 years, providing the local African-American newspaper. Fortune magazine reported that the child, Lewis kept his earnings in a tin that he called Hidden Reggies Treasures. Later he sold his business to a daily income.

During his teenager years in Dunbar High School, Lewis excelled in science and sport. He was the quarterback in the football team, shortstop in baseball and lead in the basketball team. In all three sports, he was appointed as a captain. Reginald Lewis was elected student vice-president. (At the same time, Robert Bell, the first African-American who became main judge and president of the student government of Maryland state ).

During his school years, Lewis worked at night and on weekends, as a waiter. In 1961, Lewis joined the Virginia State University on speciality “Economist” with a football scholarship. Having lost the scholarship due to an injury and being included in the list of the dean he finishes his studies to help the workers.

After graduation Lewis went straight to Harvard University on law faculty. It was the third year at Harvard when he discovered the direction of his career in the course on the law of the securitie. He wrote his third year а document about marger of companies.

After working for several law companies, Lewis opened TLC Group, a venture capital firm. In 1987, Lewis bought Beatrice International Foods for $ 985 million and created TLC Beatrice, snacks, drinks and conglomerate grocery store, which was the biggest black owned and black-controlled business in the US peaked in 1996, TLC Beatrice sales of $ 2.2 billion. 512 and the number in the list of the magazine “Fortune” 1000 largest companies.

Lewis was also a well-known philanthropist. His gift in 1992 to a Harvard Law Faculty is the largest gift to the faculty that have been received and created by Reginald F. Lewis Foundation its International Training and Research. When he succumbed to brain cancer in January 1993, at a relatively young age of 50, his net worth was estimated by Forbes as 400 million dollar, putting it in the list of 400 of the magazine “rich Americans”.


ExportFresh Vegetables: Ware Potatoes: For processing (crisp & french fries) & consumption. Onion, Garlic, Water melon, … etc.

Fertilizers: rock phosphate, super phosphate, … etc.

Cereals & Pulses (rice, beans, … etc.) Woodcharcoal. Peat Moss Fresh Fish.

By time, as our transactions with foreign companies are very well applied, they start to increase the volume of their dealings with us, and we are proud to say that 75% of our customers start dealing with us because of our good reputation and our recommand name in all the egyptian embassies around the world and in all the foreign embassies located in Egypt. Consequently, our importation activity becomes larger and larger.

After several years of continous effors, we have succeeded to reach an enviable position when it comes to exporting excellent standard potatoes . we have more than five thousand feddans to grow different types of potatoes mainly : vento , turbo , and charisma for processing crisp using the best dutch technicians and most up-to-date technology . we deal with potatoes which conform to a number of legal requirements with regard to size , internal and external quality criteria , pesticide free , and packaging using the most advanced packing machines .


It is one other main food product that all nations agree that is essential . We produce the finest long as well as the round grains according to the international standards . We export rice to all European countries as well as the gulf area

Peat MossPeat Moss
we have succeeded in making the Egyptian made peat moss a strong competitor to the european peat moss . It is exported mainly to the GULF Area.


Mainly for the far east countries . we export tremendous quantities as a matter af fact we are considered their main suppliers in rock phosphate and super phosphate

Wood CharcoalWood Charcoal

We have covered the demand for the charcoal by Gulf area and now we export the finest types of charcoal mainly the baladi type as well as the fruit trees .

Degreening Navel Oranges

The word degreening simply means to get rid of the green colour. As much as this procedure is simple in its basis and principles, as much as it is complicated in its application.

In the month of October, which is the very beginning of the season, some Navel oranges in Egypt reach good pleasant taste whereas they are still green. The green colour is not attractive to the consumers. This is because consumers know that green oranges are mostly immature. In order to convince consumers at that early time that there are tasty Navel oranges, the color must be changed from green to orange. This is done by degreening them.

Coloration on the trees and coloration by degreening
To understand the difference, we must know first why the Navel turns in the nature from green to orange colour. In simple words, the weather is the cause. There are some optimum weather conditions which make the ignition of the coloration. But these most favorable weather conditions are present in the nature for only few hours during the day. This is why on the trees, the Navel orange turns from green to orange colour very slowly in a month and more. In the degreening process, these most favorable weather conditions for natural coloration are kept 24 hours per day. When the Navel oranges are exposed all the time to these best weather conditions all the time, they naturally turn their colour from green colour to orange colour within few days.

How the degreening process is done
Degreening rooms are the equipment used for the process. These rooms are totally insulated from the outside world. Green Navel oranges are stacked in these rooms. Parameters of the optimum weather conditions for turning the colour from green to orange are then regulated, kept, and monitored around the clock.
The main parameters are:

Temperature Humidity Oxygen level Carbon dioxide level (CO2) Ethylene level
Is the degreening room all what we need to degreen Navel oranges?
Of course not. What is done in the fields is not less important than what is done in the degreening rooms. Not all the Navel oranges will respond equally to the degreening process. This is why we must choose the best reacting oranges to the process. This is done by monitoring all what is done in the fields 6 months before the degreening season. Most important parameters to be verified in the fields are:
Origin of the shoots and their variety
Age of the trees Irrigation program Fertilization program
Soil humidity Soil composition
Weather conditions throughout the year
How do we know that we can start the degreening season?
The idea is that we can make the colour of the fruit attractive to the consumer by degreening it but, we can do nothing about the taste. This is why, we never start the degreening season before we make sure that the taste is good. This is done in our laboratory by analysis called maturity tests. When the analysis show that the fruits of a certain field have reached the permissible maturity index, we can start the degreening process at once. If the fruits of another field do not reach the satisfying maturity index, the degreening process of this field is postponed until it gets the right maturity state. The main parameters of the maturity index which shows how good the taste, are:

Juice content Acidity level Sugar level Solids level diluted in the juice
What are the challenges of the degreening process?
When we command well the degreening process, it turns to be an art and not a science. The challenge is to get the beautiful deep orange colour in the minimum number of days. This is encountered with a lot of hazardous things which the most important of them are:
1- Decay:
The optimum weather conditions in which the fruit is kept in the degreening room are also the most favorable conditions to decay the fruit. We use special sophisticated procedures to prevent this from happening.
2- Dark green spots:
This is called oleocellosis. The green fruit peel is very sensitive to the shocks. The least friction or shock make a rupture in the peel. This injury spreads and make a spot which do not degreen in the degreening room. The result is ugly blemished peel. We invented an exclusive State-of-the-Art equipment to prevent fruits from this defect. This process which we developed throughout the years is giving the perfect quality.

Why our degreened fruits are the best that you can get?
Because we guarantee: Good taste Beautiful orange colour
No skin defects No decay Longer shelf life